How Coffee is grown
How Coffee is Grown
Coffee plants can be segregated into two main forms, that is Arabica and Robusta. The distinction between these two types is that Robusta is more bitter to taste than Arabica, also the process for developing Robusta is more simplified than with Arabica. This, in turn, means it's cheaper to produce. Robusta is the main source for regular and instant coffee and it's also more potent in its strength than Arabica.
The process for cultivating Arabica is more intensive than Robusta as the coffee plants demand a climate where there are high altitude and high temperature. Despite this constraint, Arabica is the main source for the world's coffee stocks as it makes up for 75-80% of them.
The two most effective climates to develop Arabica coffee in are subtropical regions in the 16-24 degree latitude range and equatorial regions with latitudes less than 10 degrees. Arabica grows the fastest in the soil which is volcanic. This is because Arabica grows more gradually on higher climbs of land which results in a more rich coffee with a more intense aroma.
By contrast, Robusta is largely grown at lower altitudes than Arabica as it is more resistant to a hot temperature than Arabica. Hence the name Robusta derived from the Robust, meaning hard to overpower.
To grow coffee plants using beans, the coffee cherries (pictured below) are plucked and gathered together. These cherries store the coffee beans inside them. Then what's known as the mucilage in the cherries is disposed of through fermentation. The coffee beans have then been refined ready to be harvested right away or dried to use later.
The seeds from these coffee cherries are best planted in a sand bed with moist matter alongside it such as burlap or straw. This process is called germination and can alternatively be administered in polybags packed with manure and topsoil, gravel and coarse sand, coffee husks and pulp and a healthy amount of nitrogen fertiliser. When the radicals appear, the coffee seedlings are extracted and then planted in coffee nursery beds.
To properly harvest the coffee seedlings, the nursery bed needs to be vitalised with cow manure and phosphate fertiliser. These seedlings (pictured below) also need to be spaced apart so there is sufficient room to grow and expand. These coffee nursery beds need to also be partly protected from light.
Then as time elapses the shading can be withdrawn gradually until the point the plant is exposed to the sun for the last two months before the final planting of coffee plants. The plants are then ready to be migrated to a coffee field where they will expand to between 8 and 16 inches high.
This final planting requires them to be spaced 16 inches apart with a similar process of fertilising them with elements such as potassium, copper and zinc. The degree of fertiliser required is related to the dependency based on the age of the plant. During the final growth, stage nitrogen needs to be applied 6 inches from the trunk.
What most people have no idea about is Coffee is a fruit. The plants sprout white coffee blossoms that only live for a day. Once this has passed the round coffee cherries take shape. It takes between three and five years for the coffee plant to yield the coffee fruit. This is subject to the conditions being correct. The right elements added to the harvesting process and the sufficient climate.
Coffee is harvested and developed across various countries all across what's known as "The Bean Belt" which are all the regions where the latitudes are 25 degrees north and 30 degrees south of the Equator. These are the optimum conditions for developing prime quality. Coffee is very high maintenance in its refinery and needs all of the elements just right to develop in the best way possible. The warm days contrasted with the cold night which are the natural climate of mountains and tropics of this zone shake up and incense the chemicals in the Coffee Bean such as organic acids, aromatic compounds and sugars that result in the perfect recipe for a delicious bean. That potent mix of flavours is what makes your coffee taste so delectable once it's been brewed into your cup. These are the optimum conditions for developing prime quality Coffee.
Here at Coffee Deluxx, we are dedicated to providing freshly roasted coffee source from the best producers all along "The Bean Belt". We scale this region as far and wide as Colombia, Brasil, Ethiopia, Uganda, Vietnam, Honduras, Costa Rica, Mexico, Indonesia and Uganda all with the prime goal of securing you the richest and most satisfying blends it's possible to taste.